On April 16, President Trump and the White House Coronavirus Task Force announced a three-phase plan,
Opening Up America Again,” with guidelines for how states can begin scaling back restrictions on
movement and meetings as they reopen society and restart their economies as the threat of the
coronavirus begins to subside. For FRC’s summary of the White House three-phase plan and how it relates
to in-person church meetings and gatherings, see our resource: “What Pastors Should Know About the
White House Plan to Open Up America Again.”

Churches should begin putting in place plans to reopen and operate their ministries according to the
guidance of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) as state officials begin lifting orders. What follows are
best practices and tips for churches and places of worship to consider when crafting reopening plans.


As you begin to consider reconvening your church gatherings, people in high-risk demographics should be
encouraged to not physically attend regular worship services. According to the White House plan,
vulnerable individuals (the elderly and people with certain underlying medical conditions) should remain
sheltered in place until Phase Three. Churches should attend to these congregants and, if possible, make
special accommodation for them—such as continuing to live-stream worship services, provide drive-in
services, or provide a senior service, exclusively for those 65 and above to attend in person.


Churches should implement best sanitation practices. Consider implementing the following protocols:

• Take the temperature of people who attend services.
• Require everyone to use hand sanitizer upon entering the building.
• Nurseries and childcare facilities are discouraged in the initial phases. However, if they are utilized
they should comply with CDC guidelines for childcare facilities.
• Disinfect high traffic areas, including restroom facilities between uses.
• Remind members to cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue.
• Encourage members to wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
• During the initial phases, the use of pew Bibles and hymnals should be discouraged. When they
are used they should be regularly sanitized according to best practices.


In addition to the sanitation practices, churches should consider these guidelines:

• Do not pass offering plates, but instead collect tithes and offerings in a central collection box (such
as a basket placed near the back of the sanctuary). Encourage online giving.
• Consider closing certain common areas where people are more likely to closely interact.
• Do not pass out literature such as church bulletins. If you do pass our material, ensure that ushers
are wearing gloves and that any material handed out to parishioners has been sanitized.
• When administering the Lord’s Supper, do not pass around a communal bowl. Provide the
elements individually. The goal of these practices is to ensure that multiple people do not come
into contact with the same surfaces and objects.
• If your church has greeters at the doors, make sure they do not shake hands with members and
visitors. Likewise, many churches have a “greeting time” as part of their liturgy. Waving or
bumping elbows should take the place of hand shaking for the foreseeable future.
• Adjust seating configurations to allow for increased social distancing. For churches that use
individual chairs, consider spacing the chairs out. For churches with pews, consider roping off
every other pew. Families could be encouraged to sit together but maintain the recommended
distance of six feet between families.

o Churches may take different approaches to this based on their circumstances and set-up,
building size, number of facilities, and their configuration. In the early phases, to abide by
CDC guidance, some churches may need to have multiple services to enable proper social
distancing. Others may be able to spread out over their different facilities.
o Churches should consider instituting a graduated process of capping attendance. A church
might start by allowing a certain level of occupancy and subsequently raise it by a
percentage as CDC guidelines allow for further opening up. As the occupancy cap
increases, the number of different facilities in use will go down.

• Pastors set the tone for their flock. Consider going out of your way to model recommended
behavior. Your calm and cheerful demeanor can encourage congregants to adopt best practices.


So long as restrictions are temporary, applied equally to religious and nonreligious gatherings alike, and
there is a good reason for putting them in place, government actions at this time likely will not violate
religious freedom protections.

Romans 13 instructs Christians to be subject to the governing authorities. The civil authorities have a
difficult task ahead, and we should seek to be a part of the solution through cooperation and service to
our communities, as we relate to state and local officials responsible for implementing the White House
plan. For example, when public gatherings are initially allowed, some governments may still require social
distancing protocols even though other restrictions may be eased. The general easing of one type of
restriction, but retaining of others, does not necessarily violate the law.

If, however, there is evidence that government officials are unfairly singling out churches and other
religious activities for restriction, it may violate religious freedom protections.

Texas has set a good example of how to encourage the protection of religious freedom during the
coronavirus crisis by issuing joint guidance from the governor and state attorney general. The state has
subsequently released updated guidance containing helpful guidelines for how churches should think
about religious freedom while complying with reasonable directives from the government as our country
opens up.

For more information about state-by-state policies on religious activities under the coronavirus, please
consult our resource: “Restrictions on Religious Freedom During the Coronavirus Crisis.” However, as
states start to open up, these policies may change. Throughout this process, pastors should stay flexible
and aware of the approach their state and local governments are taking.

If you encounter a situation in which you believe religious activities are being unfairly singled out, or there
is another sort of religious freedom violation, please let us know at